How to embed video in your WordPress site using HTML5
I have a Panasonic HDC-SD800 high definition video camera and I wanted to embed a couple of short film clips on a private website of mine, which runs on the latest version of WordPress (3.4.1 at time of writing). I also wanted to embed these videos using HTML 5 for those browsers which support it, and have a Flash fall-back for those which don’t.
The files come off of the camera in .m2ts format, so the first thing to do is to convert them into a container format which can be played by one of the modern browsers. Unfortunately, there is no one standard format (that would be too simple, eh?). The modern browsers support a combination of:
- H.264 video and AAC audio in an MP4 container
- Theora video and Vorbis audio in an Ogg container
This is just a fleeting overview and the landscape is constantly changing. For a (much) more detailed overview see here: http://fortuito.us/diveintohtml5/video.html#what-works
Encoding H.264 Video with HandBrake
HandBrake is an open source application for encoding H.264 video for use on the web.
To convert my .m2ts file I did the following:
- Select the iPhone & iPod touch preset.
- Make sure that the Web optimized box is checked.
- Select the maximum width and height of the encoded video ensuring that the Keep Aspect Ratio is checked (I selected a width of 750)
- In the video tab set the average bit rate to 1500 and check 2-Pass encoding
Again, you can find a much more detailed description here: http://fortuito.us/diveintohtml5/video.html#handbrake-gui
Encoding Ogg Video with Firefogg
I did this using the Firefogg extension for Firefox – a great extension which does all of the encoding client side. Here are the steps I took:
- Select Ogg (Theora/Vorbis) format
- Click Advanced Options
- Enter the width and height of the encoded video (I selected 750 x 416)
- Enter bit rate of 1500 kb/s
- Enter quality 8
- Select 2 Pass encoding
- Select an audio quality of 5.0
More indepth instructions can be found here: http://fortuito.us/diveintohtml5/video.html#firefogg
Encoding WebM with Firefogg
Excellent as it is, Firefogg can also encode WebM video, so just repeat the steps above, just select the format as being WebM (VP8/Vorbis) and a quality of 10 (the WebM format being considerably more compact than Ogg).
A suitable plugin
Following these steps gives us all of the files we need to embed the video in the website. Now it’s time to look for a suitable WordPress plugin. After much searching I settled for VideoJS. You can install this in the usual way, then upload the files to the media library.
It was at this point that WorPress started complaining:
“your_file.webm” has failed to upload due to an error Sorry, this file type is not permitted for security reasons.
To get around this, add this to your wp-config.php file:
That will allow administrator level users to upload files without the file type restrictions.
So, with the files uploaded and the plugin activated, it is time to embed them in a post.
VideoJS does this using a tag, which accepts several parameters. These are explained on the plugin’s installation page: http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/videojs-html5-video-player-for-wordpress/installation/
Suffice to say, I ended up with something like this:
[video mp4="absolute path to m4v" ogg="absolute path to ogv" webm="absolute path to webm" preload="auto" autoplay="false" width="750" height="416"]
There is one final step before the video will play correctly, and that is to register the correct MIME types with the server. This helps the browsers deal correctly with the files they are served and render, for example, an mp4 file as a video and not a text file.
To do this add the following to the .htaccess file in the root of your WordPress install:
#Register MIME types AddType video/x-m4v .m4v AddType video/ogg .ogv AddType video/mp4 .mp4 AddType video/webm .webm
And that’s it. Using the VideoJS plugin and HTML 5 <video> element, your video will now play across all of the modern browsers. Also, the great thing about VideoJS is that it will serve up a Flash alternative to those browsers that don’t support HTML 5 (e.g. IE 7 / IE 8).
The only other thing that might be worth doing is to make the video responsive. I added this functionality to my site when I saw that it previewed just fine on all desktop browsers, but that the video burst ut of its container on the iPad.
To do this you should wrap the video tag in a <div> and give it a class of videoWrapper.
<div class="videoWrapper"> </div>
and then copy the following css into your style.css file.:
One gotcha here, is the value for the bottom padding of the videoWrapper div. This must be calculated on an individual basis and is the result in percent of dividing the height of your video by the length.
The credit for this code goes to Sarah Hills at Hexagon Webworks. She has written a blog post on the subject of making the VideoJS plugin responsive and it is well worth reading: http://www.hexagonwebworks.com/2012/responsive-videos-updated/